The use of Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) funds as cost share on grants and cooperative agreements under the Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration (WSFR) Program is not allowable as cost share.

This information applies to:

All WSFR-administered financial assistance awards



Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is a federal nonprofit power administration based in the Pacific Northwest and is part of the U.S. Department of Energy.  Congress originally created BPA in 1937 to deliver and sell power from Bonneville Dam.  Presently, BPA provides and sells electrical power from 31 federal hydroelectric projects, one nonfederal nuclear power plant, and several small nonfederal power plants.  BPA also operates and owns one of the nation's largest high voltage transmission systems.



2 CFR 200 Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards

§200.29 Cost sharing or matching.

Cost sharing or matching means the portion of project costs not paid by Federal funds (unless otherwise authorized by Federal statute). See also §200.306 Cost sharing or matching.

[78 FR 78608, Dec. 26, 2013]

§200.306   Cost sharing or matching.

(b) For all Federal awards, any shared costs or matching funds and all contributions, including cash and third party in-kind contributions, must be accepted as part of the non-Federal entity's cost sharing or matching when such contributions meet all of the following criteria:

(1) Are verifiable from the non-Federal entity's records;

(2) Are not included as contributions for any other Federal award;

(3) Are necessary and reasonable for accomplishment of project or program objectives;

(4) Are allowable under Subpart E—Cost Principles of this part;

(5) Are not paid by the Federal Government under another Federal award, except where the Federal statute authorizing a program specifically provides that Federal funds made available for such program can be applied to matching or cost sharing requirements of other Federal programs;

(6) Are provided for in the approved budget when required by the Federal awarding agency; and

(7) Conform to other provisions of this part, as applicable.

[78 FR 78608, Dec. 26, 2013, as amended at 79 FR 75883, Dec. 19, 2014]

50 CFR 80 Financial Assistance: Wildlife Restoration, Sport Fish Restoration, Hunter Education and Safety

§80.85 What requirements apply to match?

The requirements that apply to match include:

(a) Match may be in the form of cash or in-kind contributions.

(b) Unless authorized by Federal law, the State fish and wildlife agency or any other entity must not:

(1) Use as match Federal funds or the value of an in-kind contribution acquired with Federal funds; or

(2) Use the cost or value of an in-kind contribution to satisfy a match requirement if the cost or value has been or will be used to satisfy a match requirement of another Federal grant, cooperative agreement, or contract.

[76 FR 46156, Aug. 1, 2011]

50 CFR 85 Clean Vessel Act Grant Program

§85.40 Cost sharing.

(a) The Federal share shall not exceed 75% of total costs approved in the grant agreement.

[59 FR 11206, Mar. 10, 1994]

50 CFR 86 Boating Infrastructure Grant Program

§86.32 What are the match requirements?

(a) The Act requires that you or another non-Federal partner must pay at least 25 percent of eligible and allowable BIG-funded facility costs. We must waive the first $200,000 of the required match for each grant to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the territories of American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands (48 U.S.C. 1469a).

(b) Match may be cash contributed during the funding period or in-kind contributions of personal property, structures, and services including volunteer labor, contributed during the period of performance.

(c) Match must be:

(1) Necessary and reasonable to achieve project objectives;

(2) An eligible activity or cost;

(3) From a non-Federal source, unless you show that a Federal statute authorizes the specific Federal source for use as match; and

(4) Consistent with 2 CFR 200.29 and 200.306, and any other applicable sections of 2 CFR part 200. This includes any regulations or policies that replace or supplement 2 CFR part 200.

(d) Match must not include:

(1) An interest in land or water;

(2) The value of any structure completed before the beginning of the period of performance, unless the Service approves the activity as a preaward cost;

(3) Costs or in-kind contributions that have been or will be counted as satisfying the cost-sharing or match requirement of another Federal grant, a Federal cooperative agreement, or a Federal contract, unless authorized by Federal statute; or

(4) Any funds received from another Federal source, unless authorized by Federal statute.

[80 FR 26161, May 6, 2015]


Frequently Asked Questions

Where does BPA receive its funding from?

Presently, BPA receives its funding from rate-payer fees.  Congress no longer annually appropriates funding for BPA.

Can BPA funds be used to meet the mandatory non-Federal cost sharing (match) requirements of WSFR-administered financial assistance programs?

BPA funds may not be used as non-Federal match on WSFR-administered financial assistance programs.  See the attached Solicitor Opinion (1997).

Why are BPA funds considered Federal funds when BPA receives no taxpayer funding from Congress?

Congress has authorized BPA to charge, collect, and receive rate-payer fees.  Congress has also specified the purpose of these funds.  This authorization, from Congress, is considered a "continuing resolution".

Can BPA funds be used to meet the mandatory non-Federal cost sharing (match) requirements of North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) funding?

See the attached NAWCA Policy (2004).  BPA funds may be used as match only if the funds are used for fishery resource improvement facilities related to the Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project in the State of Washington to improve irrigation water use, water supply, and water quality.  


Learning Aids


Related Pages

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Funds as Cost Share



Bonneville Power Solicitor Opinion_1997

NAWCA Policy (2004)